Geschichte der Samba: Broadway, Hollywood, Mode und Sex-Symbol Carmen Miranda

Obwohl die sich schon ca. 100 Jahre entwickelte, kam erst 1939 der Durchbruch. Genauer gesagt durch die Weltausstellung in New York und ein Musical am Broadway, das diesen Tanz populär machte. Ein Auftritt von sechs Minuten im Musical „Streets of Paris“ (29. May 1939) verschaffte diesem Tanz öffentliche Beachtung. Die spätere Icone und Sex-Symbol in Kriegszeiten, Carmen Miranda trat mit einem auffälligen Kopfputz und enem -Tanz auf. Dies löste sofort eine Modewelle aus, die Schuhe, Hüte und Handtaschen betraf. Wenig später wurde die so genannte „Brazilian Bombshell“ mit -Filmen in Hollywood ein Star, u. a. mit „That Night in Rio“ (1941) … und es brachte den Durchbruch für die als Tanz, die später als „ballroom dance“ zu den -Tänzen avancierte.

Die erotische Interpretation des Tanzes ist also auch in der Geschichte der Endeckung des Tanzes selbst von Bedeutung gewesen.

The history of Samba and the Brazilian Bombshell

(…) While the Tango is known to have origins in Argentine and the Rumba is reputed to have come from Cuba, the Samba claims Brazil as its place of birth. It combines African and Brazilian indigenous (native population) influence and has a similar history as that of the Tango. “The Portuguese imported many slaves from Angola and the Congo into Brazil in the 16th century, who in turn brought their dances” (Herbison-Evans). By the 1830’s, the plait figures of the African folk and trance dances had combined with the body rolls and sways of the indigenous Brazilians, and gradually the high society in Rio embraced the Samba, „although they modified it to be done in closed ballroom dancing position” (Herbison-Evans). This dance would continue to evolve in Brazil, but would not be introduced to North America until the late 1930’s.

Samba music was introduced to the American public at the Brazilian Pavilion at the 1939 New York World Fair. It became even more popular after Carmen Miranda appeared in the Broadway production „Streets of Paris“ on May 29, 1939, dancing to Brazilian music and wearing a costume inspired by traditional African-Brazilian dress. The appearance was only for six minutes, but in that time she became an overnight success and was an instant fashion icon with shoe, hat, and handbag fashions in America. In that same year, she was chosen to be one of America’s most outstanding women. (…)

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Quelle: Orlando Ballroom Dancing Examiner – Patsy Holden, – January 2, 3:01 PM

YouTube – Carmen Miranda at home

von: DoniSacramento – 12. September 2008 – Carmen Miranda opens her mansion to reporter Erskine Johnson & cameraman Coy Watson for their „Hollywwod Reel“ show (the first TV program ever on Hollywood celebrities private life) to let everyone know what she is like when not singing & dancing – she’s just the same gracious and flavored well-known lady from Brazil. Without the fruits on her head she instead shows up in a bathing suit she designed on her own – a dare-to-wear bikini. Too daring for a 1950 bathing style to be shown on TV.

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